Detail: Field of Onions at Wethersfield, Courtesy Wethersfield Historical Society

“Proper and Instructive Education”:

Children Bound to Labor in Early America

Philadelphia, 1-2 November 2002


Papers will be pre-circulated and should be read by all those planning to attend sessions. 
Registration is free and open to the public, but papers will be made available only to those who register in advance.

All sessions will be held in the Terrace Room, 1st Floor, Logan Hall
on the University of Pennsylvania campus.


Friday, 1 November

3:00-5:00 p.m.: Opening Session and McNeil Center Seminar

“Proper and Instructive Education”: Children Bound to Labor in Early America
Ruth Wallis Herndon and John Murray, University of Toledo
Reflections on the Demand and Supply of Child Labor in Early America
Gloria Main, University of Colorado

5:00-7:00 p.m.: Reception

McNeil Center for Early American Studies, 3619 Locust Walk

Saturday, 2 November

9:00-9:30 a.m.: Coffee

9:30-11:30 a.m.: Poor Relief

A Better Bargain than Poor Relief: Servant Apprenticeship in Southern New England, 1720-1820
Ruth Wallis Herndon, University of Toledo
To Each According to His Estate: Care of Orphans and Indigent Children in Colonial Maryland
Jean B. Russo, Maryland State Archives
J. Elliott Russo, Independent Scholar
Wooden Legs and Moral Responsibility: 
Apprenticeship and Poor Relief in Chester County, Pennsylvania, 1800-1830
Monique Bourque, Swarthmore College“Republican Ideology and Apprenticeship Policy 
in Virginia: A Shift in Social Welfare Policy?”
Republican Ideology and Apprenticeship Policy in Virginia: A Shift in Social Welfare Policy?
Holly Brewer, North Carolina State University
Susan Klepp, Temple University

1:00-3:00 p.m.: Families

Ties that Bind: Mothers and Children in and out of the Charleston Orphan House
John E. Murray, University of Toledo
Nurturing the Children of New Netherland
Adriana van Zwieten, Biographical Dictionary of Pa. Legislators, Temple University 
Orphans, Bastards, and Free Black Children: North Carolina Apprenticeship, 1715-1860
Karin L. Zipf, East Carolina University
Apprenticeship on the Frontier: Indentured Children in Antebellum Ohio
Mary Patchen, University of Toledo
Stephanie Grauman Wolf, McNeil Center for Early American Studies

3:30-5:00 p.m.: Labor

Orphans in Montreal: Were They Disadvantaged in the Apprentice Market?
Gillian Hamilton, University of Toronto
Orphans in City and Countryside in Nineteenth Century Maryland
T. Stephen Whitman, Mt. St. Mary's College
Literacy and Provisions for Education in Indentures from New Orleans, 1809-1843
Paul Lachance, University of Ottawa
Farley Grubb, University of Delaware

5:00-7:00 p.m.: Reception

MCEAS Programs